The Paris Agreement and the Kyoto Protocol are two significant international climate agreements that have been made to combat climate change. Both agreements were signed by several countries around the world, but they differ in their objectives, targets, and strategies for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions.
The Kyoto Protocol, signed in 1997, was a legally binding agreement that set targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions by developed countries. The objective was to reduce emissions to 5% below 1990 levels by 2012. The Kyoto Protocol was a significant milestone in the fight against climate change, and it paved the way for further agreements and initiatives targeting climate change.
However, the Kyoto Protocol had some significant limitations. One of the biggest limitations is that it only applied to developed countries, leaving out some of the world`s top polluters, such as China and India. Another limitation was that the targets set by the Kyoto Protocol were insufficient to address the scale of the problem, given that global greenhouse gas emissions continued to rise even after its implementation.
The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, was a significant shift from the Kyoto Protocol. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris Agreement is not legally binding, and its approach to reducing greenhouse gas emissions is rather voluntary. The Paris Agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2°C and pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. It also aims to achieve a balance between emissions and removals of greenhouse gases, starting from the second half of this century.
The Paris Agreement addresses the limitations of the Kyoto Protocol, as it includes all countries and not just developed countries. It also has more ambitious targets, and it encourages countries to work together to achieve their goals. Additionally, the Paris Agreement recognizes the need to support those countries that are most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.
In conclusion, the Paris Agreement and the Kyoto Protocol are two significant international climate agreements that have been made to combat climate change. While the Kyoto Protocol paved the way for further action on climate change, the Paris Agreement goes further in terms of its ambition, inclusivity, and emphasis on international cooperation. It is clear that the Paris Agreement offers a more comprehensive and effective approach to mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and fighting against climate change.